Publications Archive

The Institute for Latino Studies has sponsored research and scholarship on the role of Latinos in the ongoing transformation of U.S. society overall and of Metropolitan Chicago and Northwest Indiana, in particular. Reports and policy and research briefs are available for download (in .pdf) on the following topics

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Children and Youth

The Chicago Latino Congregations Study (CLCS): Methodological Considerations

Author: Rebecca Burwell, Edwin I. Hernández , Milagros Peña, Jeffrey Smith, and David Sikkink

Describes methodology for Chicago Latino Congregations Study, a multi-level study of Latino congregations in the Chicago area. Data collection in 2007 included surveys, focus groups and interviews of clergy, lay leaders, and adult and youth congregants. Provides an in-depth look at Latino congregations, leaders and members, connections to other community organizations, congregational life, social services, faith-based networks, and role of Latino church leadership.

Full Article (.pdf)

Citizenship and Civic Participation

The Politics of the Latino Church

Author: Jessica Hamar Martínez, Edwin I. Hernández Rebecca Burwell, Milagros Peña and David Sikkink

Report on social and political views and behaviors of leaders and congregants in Latino churches in Chicago. Key findings include commonalities in congregation leaders’ views on abortion and immigration, congregants’ tendencies to hold similar opinions, high political participation rates, and stronger ideological affiliation with Democratic Party.  Utilizes 2004-2007 Chicago Latino Congregations Study.

Full Article (.pdf)

The State of Latino Chicago 2010: The New Equation

Author: Juan Carlos Guzman, Allert Brown-Gort, Andrew Deliyannides, Roger A. Knight

Follow up report on 2005 State of Latino Chicago. Analyzes valuable economic contributions of Chicago-area Latinos and disproves myth that Latinos negatively impact the economy. Also finds that Latinos contribute almost $1.2 billion more in tax revenues than they cost in the delivery of public services like education, healthcare, public safety, and other services. Analyzes data from 2009 U.S. Census and American Community Survey.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latinos in Chicago: Reflections of an American Landscape

Author: Larry Bennett, John Koval, Costas Spirou, Jose Soltero, Sonia Soltero, Elizabeth Robbins, Peter Creticos, Samuel Rosenberg, Xóchitl Bada, Vanessa Guridy, Nawojka Lesinski, Amalia Pallares, Joanna Schmit, and Maria de los Angeles Torres

Edited volume of five studies by Chicago-area social scientists scholars on Latinos in the Chicago Metropolitan Area.  Chapters on Latinos and Neo-Regionalism, Latinos and Education, Latino Engagement and Mobility in the Labor Force and Economy, and Latino Civic and Political Engagement.

Full Article (.pdf)

The Chicago Latino Congregations Study (CLCS): Methodological Considerations

Author: Rebecca Burwell, Edwin I. Hernández , Milagros Peña, Jeffrey Smith, and David Sikkink

Describes methodology for Chicago Latino Congregations Study, a multi-level study of Latino congregations in the Chicago area. Data collection in 2007 included surveys, focus groups and interviews of clergy, lay leaders, and adult and youth congregants. Provides an in-depth look at Latino congregations, leaders and members, connections to other community organizations, congregational life, social services, faith-based networks, and role of Latino church leadership.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latino Immigrant Civic Engagement in the Chicago Region

Author: Magda Banda and Martha Zurita

Research on Latino civic participation and role of immigrant community-based organizations in promoting civic engagement in Chicago.  Based on data from the Institute’s 2003 Chicago-Area Survey of 1500 households and U.S. Census.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latino/a Seminarians? Evaluations of Their Institutions? Quality and Commitment

Author: Edwin I. Hernández, Milagros Peña, Caroline Viernes Sotello Turner, Jeffrey Smith, Kari Jo Verhulst

Nation-wide investigation of Latino/a seminarians to assess the effects of social, cultural, and academic factors on their seminary experiences. Finds positive views of institutional diversity but negative views on integration of Latino/a and minority perspectives in academic environments.

Full Article (.pdf)

La Tercera Edad: Latinos' Pensions, Retirement and Impact on Families

Author: Karen Richman, Gia Barboza, Teresa Ghilarducci, and Wei Sun

Explains social and economic reasons for Latinos’ retirement insecurity, consequences of Latinos’ low pension participation rates and recommendations for policies to bolster Latinos’ security in old age. Based on analysis of national data from Survey of Income and Program Participation and Health and Retirement Survey and focus group study of Latino workers and retirees in Chicago.

Full Article (.pdf)

A Focus Group Study On the Effects of Retirement On Latino Families

Author: Karen Richman

Study of Latino retirees and working adults in Chicago reveals lack of preparedness for retirement and anxiety about future.  Reveals immigrant elders expect family networks to support them in old age, but U.S.-born children may not share these expectations and/or may not be able to fulfill them.

Full Article (.pdf)

Faith and Values in Action: Religion, Politics, and Social Attitudes Among US Latinos/as

Author: Edwin I Hernández, Kenneth G. Davis, Milagros Peña, Georgian Schiopu, Jeffrey Smith, Matthew T. Loveland

Investigation of role of religion in civic engagement and political behavior among Latinos. Finds correlation between religious affiliation and church behavior and community involvement, political party identification, and positions on social and moral issues. Based on data from Pew Hispanic Center’s 2004 National Survey of Latinos.

Full Article (.pdf)

Promoting and Maintaining Household Ownership among Latino Immigrants

Author: Martha Argelia Martinez

Study of trends in Latino banking and home ownership. Identifies barriers to credit and mortgages. Reports on innovative programs at institutions such as Chicago’s Second Federal Savings and Loan to reach out to undocumented Latino homebuyers to use Mexican consular identification cards and individual taxpayer identification numbers (ITIN) to enfranchise them in the formal financial system.

Full Article (.pdf)

The State of Latino Chicago: This Is Home Now

Author: Timothy Ready and Allert Brown-Gort

Examines contributions of Latinos to economic and civic life in Chicago. Finds Latino economic success increased dramatically between 1990 and 2003 through new business, job creation, and increasing homeownership. Based on data from Institute for Latino Studies’ Chicago-Area Survey, US Census Bureau and Illinois State Board of Education.

Full Article (.pdf)

Cicero Youth Task Force

Author: Written by: Members of the Cicero Youth Task Force

2005 study of a coalition of organizations working to help youth avoid risks and promote the wellness of families and children in Cicero, whose population is 80% Latino. Report provides comprehensive list of local community resources, activities, organizations and contacts.

Full Article (.pdf)

Development of Latino Leadership: A Report onThe Chicago Community Trust's Grant Making

Author:

Study of 17 Chicago Community Trust grants issued between 2001 and 2003 to foster Latino leadership development. Identifies challenges in developing Latino leadership, recommends programs to develop Latino leaders and finds that leaders who participated in such programs and received grants had significant success. Based on 73 interviews with grantee staff, community leaders, policymakers, and civic leaders.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latino Demographic Growth in Metropolitan Chicago

Author: Rob Paral, Timothy Ready, Sung Chun, Wei Sun

Analyzes 2000 U.S. census data to report on demographic shifts in Metropolitan Chicago since 1990.  Findings include Latino population increased by 568,000 to 1.4 million; 2/3 of Latino population growth took place in suburbs; 17.4% of the local population is Latino; Latino population growth kept the population of the city from decreasing; and people of Mexican origin comprise 75 percent of the entire area’s Latino population. 

Full Article (.pdf)

Electoral Engagement among Latinos

Author: Mark Hugo Lopez

Highlights differences in voter turnout and registration rates of Latinos compared to other groups. Focuses on young Latino voters who constitute a larger proportion of the Latino electorate. Examines data from the Current Population Survey of U.S. Census and Keeter et al.’s national surveys of civic engagement.

Full Article (.pdf)

A Shared Future: The Economic Engagement of Greater Chicago and Its Mexican Community

Author: Alejandro Silva, Chairman, Evans Food Group; Clare Muñana, President, Ancora Associates; and Vice President, Chicago Board of Education; Douglas Doetsch, Partner, Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw LLP

Report on integration of the Mexicans into Chicago’s economic, social, and political life. Details Chicago Council on Global Affairs' 2005 Task Force’s recommendations to private and public institutions to encourage Mexican immigrants’ greater economic engagement and to stimulate public discussion of the key challenges and opportunities involved.

Full Article (.pdf)

Confianza, Savings, and Retirement: A Study of Mexican Immigrants

Author: Karen Richman, Teresa Ghilarducci, Roger Knight, Erin Jelm, and Joelle Saad-Lesser

Interdisciplinary study integrating cultural anthropology and economics.  Analyzes results from 2009-2010 ethnographic research in the Chicago metropolitan area and statistical analyses of the Current Population Survey, the Chicago-Area Survey, and Immigration and Intergenerational Mobility in Metropolitan Los Angeles Survey. Key findings include immigrants’ collectivist investments in social networks substitute for retirement savings; their descendants invest less in collectivist networks but neither can they save enough for retirement. Provides recommendations for financial and public policy makers to help immigrants and low-wealth populations better prepare for a secure retirement.

Full Article (.pdf)

Education

Latinos in Chicago: Reflections of an American Landscape

Author: Larry Bennett, John Koval, Costas Spirou, Jose Soltero, Sonia Soltero, Elizabeth Robbins, Peter Creticos, Samuel Rosenberg, Xóchitl Bada, Vanessa Guridy, Nawojka Lesinski, Amalia Pallares, Joanna Schmit, and Maria de los Angeles Torres

Edited volume of five studies by Chicago-area social scientists scholars on Latinos in the Chicago Metropolitan Area.  Chapters on Latinos and Neo-Regionalism, Latinos and Education, Latino Engagement and Mobility in the Labor Force and Economy, and Latino Civic and Political Engagement.

Full Article (.pdf)

Forging the Tools for Unity: A Report on Metro Chicago?s Mayors Roundtables on Latino Integration

Author: Berenice Alejo, Sylvia Puente

ISummary of 2007 Suburban Latino Roundtables in four towns with new Mexican immigrant settlement. The Institute for Latino Studies led workshops for municipal officials, educators, mayors, and community and faith leaders. Recommends strategies to better lead and assist Latino communities in realms of housing affordability and availability, parental investment in education, social services for Latinos, particularly in new immigrant communities.  

Full Article (.pdf)

Equipped To Serve: Latino/a Seminarians and the Future of Religious Leadership in the Latino/a Community

Author: Milagros Peña, Edwin I. Hernández, Caroline Sotelo-Turner, Danielle Dirks, Kari Jo Verhulst

Describes the next generation of Latino/a religious leaders and examines the effectiveness of their theological education. Identifies critical institutional and curricular characteristics for preparing seminarians to be leaders responding to spiritual and material needs of Latinos/as in U.S.  Based upon data from focus groups and surveys conducted in 2002-2004.

Full Article (.pdf)

The State of Latino Chicago: This Is Home Now

Author: Timothy Ready and Allert Brown-Gort

Examines contributions of Latinos to economic and civic life in Chicago. Finds Latino economic success increased dramatically between 1990 and 2003 through new business, job creation, and increasing homeownership. Based on data from Institute for Latino Studies’ Chicago-Area Survey, US Census Bureau and Illinois State Board of Education.

Full Article (.pdf)

Measuring the Minority Education Gap in Metropolitan Chicago

Author: The Institute for Latino Studies, University of Notre Dame, with support from the Joyce Foundation

Examination of Illinois student achievement in Illinois, with special focus on Berwyn and Cicero. Provides case study of role of state education data systems in identifying disparities in educational achievement and informing policies that foster educational excellence and equity.  Compares data from Chicago-area to Los Angeles.

Full Article (.pdf)

Religion Matters: Predicting Schooling Success in Latino Youth

Author: David Sikkink and Edwin Hernández

Research on role of religion in academic success and failure of Latino youth. Particular focus on impoverished inner-city schools. Analyzes 1996 data from National Household Education Survey, National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and 1999 data from Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.

Full Article (.pdf)

Strategies for Success: Cicero Education Forum Summary

Author: Sylvia Puente, Martha Zurita, Eva Serrano, Verónica Castr

Discusses Latinos’ access to education and effects on upward mobility. Explores why Latinos are the least formally educated group in the nation today, and why many Latino youth lack basic skills and knowledge required for economic and social mobility.  Case study in Cicero, Ill.

Full Article (.pdf)

School Segregation by Race and Poverty in Metropolitan Chicago

Author: Martha Zurita and Timothy Ready

Research on the continued segregation of low-income and minority students from more affluent White students and the obstacles to programs aiming to eliminate race- and class- based student achievement gaps. Based on data from Illinois State Board of Education.

Full Article (.pdf)

Family and Households

The Significance of Gender for Latina/o Savings and Retirement

Author: Karen Richman, Wei Sun, Justin Sena, Sung David Chun

Interdisciplinary study of how and whether gender influences Latinos’ savings for retirement.  Third phrase of project examining the structural-economic factors limiting Latinos’ eligibility to participate in pension savings programs and social and cultural reasons affecting participation (See La Tercera Edad: Latinos’ Pensions, Retirement and Impact on Families (2008) and Confianza, Savings and Retirement: A Study of Mexican Immigrants in Chicago (2012). Analyzes data from U.S. Census, Survey of Income and Program Participation, Health and Retirement Survey and qualitative data from focus groups, observations and interviews in metropolitan Chicago. Report challenges financial myths about Latinos and Latinas, finds that gender is not a barrier to savings, Latinas are vigorously embracing opportunities to save through their employers, and reviews new state and federal savings programs, focusing on the myRA.

Full Article (.pdf)

La Tercera Edad: Latinos' Pensions, Retirement and Impact on Families

Author: Karen Richman, Gia Barboza, Teresa Ghilarducci, and Wei Sun

Explains social and economic reasons for Latinos’ retirement insecurity, consequences of Latinos’ low pension participation rates and recommendations for policies to bolster Latinos’ security in old age. Based on analysis of national data from Survey of Income and Program Participation and Health and Retirement Survey and focus group study of Latino workers and retirees in Chicago.

Full Article (.pdf)

A Focus Group Study On the Effects of Retirement On Latino Families

Author: Karen Richman

Study of Latino retirees and working adults in Chicago reveals lack of preparedness for retirement and anxiety about future.  Reveals immigrant elders expect family networks to support them in old age, but U.S.-born children may not share these expectations and/or may not be able to fulfill them.

Full Article (.pdf)

Forging the Tools for Unity: A Report on Metro Chicago?s Mayors Roundtables on Latino Integration

Author: Berenice Alejo, Sylvia Puente

ISummary of 2007 Suburban Latino Roundtables in four towns with new Mexican immigrant settlement. The Institute for Latino Studies led workshops for municipal officials, educators, mayors, and community and faith leaders. Recommends strategies to better lead and assist Latino communities in realms of housing affordability and availability, parental investment in education, social services for Latinos, particularly in new immigrant communities.  

Full Article (.pdf)

Emerging Markets and Financial Services in the Latino Community: Problems and Strategies

Author: D. Garth Taylor, Mari Gallagher, Francisco Menchaca, and Robin Newberger. Produced in partnership with the Metro Chicago Information Center (MCIC)

Study of the structural barriers to new Latino immigrants’ use of banks and the financial system, Covers innovative ways to provide documentation for loans through Mexican consular identification cards and individual taxpayer identification numbers, and remittances to Mexico. Uses Chicago-Area Latino Survey, Pew Hispanic and U.S. Census data.  Finds an increase in use of financial institutions within the first generation over time.

Full Article (.pdf)

A Roof Over Our Heads

Author: Eileen Diaz McConnell & Timothy Ready. Report commissioned from the Institute by Esperanza USA

Study of the state of Latino housing. Finds that Latinos have lower homeownership rates, lower housing values, spend higher proportions of their household income on housing costs, experience higher denial rates for mortgage loans, and are much more likely to live in crowded and inadequate housing than Whites. However, Latinos are also making gains in homeownership due to the massive increases in mortgages. Recommends policies to meet Latinos’ burgeoning needs for safe, affordable, and high quality shelter. Uses data from 2003 American Housing Survey, 2003, US Census 2000, the Housing Vacancy Survey/Current Population Survey, and the American Community Survey.

Full Article (.pdf)

No Place Like Home: The State of Hispanic Housing in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City, 2003

Author: Housing Monograph Companion Paper Eileen Diaz McConnell, PhD

Comparative analysis of Latino housing patterns in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City. Analyzes data from 2003 American Housing Survey and 2003 Home Mortgage Disclosure Act and 2005 Census.  Finds Latinos face low homeownership rates, higher loan denial rates in comparison to White counterparts, inadequate and overcrowded housing similar to African-Americans.

Full Article (.pdf)

Mexican Women in Chicago: A Report to the Secretaría De Desarrollo Social De México

Author: Allert Brown-Gort, John Koval, Timothy Ready

Studies migration trends of Mexican women in Chicago area including topics of family units, education, reasons for migration, remittances, gender, age, income, health, and language. Draws from 2000 Census data and 2003 Chicago-Area Study. Findings include an increase in female migration since 1989, most coming directly from 7 Mexican states, and an average migration age of 20.

Full Article (.pdf)

Bordering the Mainstream: A Needs Assessment of Latinos in Berwyn and Cicero, Illinois

Author:

Needs assessment of growing Latino immigrant communities of Berwyn and Cicero. Findings include high economic contributions from Latinos communities despite lower education levels and incomes and high church, community and nascent citizen participation. Reports a shared belief that the most important issues facing the community relate to children and education. Based on interviews with 172 individual leaders and community members and historical and census data.

Full Article (.pdf)

Compassion on the Frontlines: an Assessment of Latino-Serving Faith-Based Organizations

Author: Guillermo Grenier, Rebecca Burwell, Edwin I Hernández, Michael Mata, Milagros Peña, Marciana Popescu, Aida Ramos, Jeffrey Smith

Results of a survey of faith-based organizations serving Latinos/as in four metro areas, which provide education, job training, advocacy, immigration, help, services for family, youth and children and healthcare. Documents concrete impacts capacity-training projects have on the organizational development and infrastructure of community-serving organizations.

Full Article (.pdf)

Gender

The Significance of Gender for Latina/o Savings and Retirement

Author: Karen Richman, Wei Sun, Justin Sena, Sung David Chun

Interdisciplinary study of how and whether gender influences Latinos’ savings for retirement.  Third phrase of project examining the structural-economic factors limiting Latinos’ eligibility to participate in pension savings programs and social and cultural reasons affecting participation (See La Tercera Edad: Latinos’ Pensions, Retirement and Impact on Families (2008) and Confianza, Savings and Retirement: A Study of Mexican Immigrants in Chicago (2012). Analyzes data from U.S. Census, Survey of Income and Program Participation, Health and Retirement Survey and qualitative data from focus groups, observations and interviews in metropolitan Chicago. Report challenges financial myths about Latinos and Latinas, finds that gender is not a barrier to savings, Latinas are vigorously embracing opportunities to save through their employers, and reviews new state and federal savings programs, focusing on the myRA.

Full Article (.pdf)

Mexican Women in Chicago: A Report to the Secretaría De Desarrollo Social De México

Author: Allert Brown-Gort, John Koval, Timothy Ready

Studies migration trends of Mexican women in Chicago area including topics of family units, education, reasons for migration, remittances, gender, age, income, health, and language. Draws from 2000 Census data and 2003 Chicago-Area Study. Findings include an increase in female migration since 1989, most coming directly from 7 Mexican states, and an average migration age of 20.

Full Article (.pdf)

Healthcare

La Tercera Edad: Latinos' Pensions, Retirement and Impact on Families

Author: Karen Richman, Gia Barboza, Teresa Ghilarducci, and Wei Sun

Explains social and economic reasons for Latinos’ retirement insecurity, consequences of Latinos’ low pension participation rates and recommendations for policies to bolster Latinos’ security in old age. Based on analysis of national data from Survey of Income and Program Participation and Health and Retirement Survey and focus group study of Latino workers and retirees in Chicago.

Full Article (.pdf)

Immigration and Transnationalism

The Naturalization Trail: Mexican Nationality and US Citizenship

Author: D. Garth Taylor, María de los Angeles Torres, Rob Paral

Explores why Mexican immigrants delay naturalization longer and have a lower rate of becoming US citizens than almost all other immigrant nationalities.  Covers naturalization trends in relation to age, time in the US, household status, and the context of immigration policy.  Based on data from the Immigration and Naturalization Service and regional surveys of Latinos. 

Full Article (.pdf)

Guía de Servicios para la Comunidad

Author:

Students from Anthropology 462, a community based learning course taught at Notre Dame compiled a resource booklet that lists social services available to Mexican immigrants in the Michiana area.

Full Article (.pdf)

Compassion on the Frontlines: an Assessment of Latino-Serving Faith-Based Organizations

Author: Guillermo Grenier, Rebecca Burwell, Edwin I Hernández, Michael Mata, Milagros Peña, Marciana Popescu, Aida Ramos, Jeffrey Smith

Results of a survey of faith-based organizations serving Latinos/as in four metro areas, which provide education, job training, advocacy, immigration, help, services for family, youth and children and healthcare. Documents concrete impacts capacity-training projects have on the organizational development and infrastructure of community-serving organizations.

Full Article (.pdf)

Labor and the Economy

The Significance of Gender for Latina/o Savings and Retirement

Author: Karen Richman, Wei Sun, Justin Sena, Sung David Chun

Interdisciplinary study of how and whether gender influences Latinos’ savings for retirement.  Third phrase of project examining the structural-economic factors limiting Latinos’ eligibility to participate in pension savings programs and social and cultural reasons affecting participation (See La Tercera Edad: Latinos’ Pensions, Retirement and Impact on Families (2008) and Confianza, Savings and Retirement: A Study of Mexican Immigrants in Chicago (2012). Analyzes data from U.S. Census, Survey of Income and Program Participation, Health and Retirement Survey and qualitative data from focus groups, observations and interviews in metropolitan Chicago. Report challenges financial myths about Latinos and Latinas, finds that gender is not a barrier to savings, Latinas are vigorously embracing opportunities to save through their employers, and reviews new state and federal savings programs, focusing on the myRA.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latinos in Chicago: Reflections of an American Landscape

Author: Larry Bennett, John Koval, Costas Spirou, Jose Soltero, Sonia Soltero, Elizabeth Robbins, Peter Creticos, Samuel Rosenberg, Xóchitl Bada, Vanessa Guridy, Nawojka Lesinski, Amalia Pallares, Joanna Schmit, and Maria de los Angeles Torres

Edited volume of five studies by Chicago-area social scientists scholars on Latinos in the Chicago Metropolitan Area.  Chapters on Latinos and Neo-Regionalism, Latinos and Education, Latino Engagement and Mobility in the Labor Force and Economy, and Latino Civic and Political Engagement.

Full Article (.pdf)

The Housing Crisis and Latino Home Ownership in Chicago: Mortgage Applications, Foreclosures, and Property Values

Author: Martha Argelia Martinez

Overview of the effect of the housing-crisis on Latino communities in Chicago neighborhoods in comparison to non-Latino White and African-American communities. Concentrates on three interrelated dimensions: mortgage credit availability, foreclosure levels, and property values.  Demonstrates that unethical and often illegal marketing of subprime mortgages to lower income Latinos increased their vulnerability to foreclosure.

Full Article (.pdf)

SB 345/HB 1219: Economic and Demographic Impacts on Indiana

Author: Allert Brown-Gort, Juan Carlos Guzmán

Policy brief describing the  potential effects of proposed legislation aimed at controlling unauthorized immigration currently being considered by the Indiana Legislature. Findings indicate a significant reduction in the economic success of the State of Indiana following the passage of the bill including a GDP reduction of about $5 billion and a decrease in taxes of about $200 million. The study uses 2006 Pew Hispanic Research Center data and state data from the Census Bureau.

Full Article (.pdf)

Preparing for the Future: Latinos? Financial Literacy and Retirement Planning

Author: Wei Sun, Gia Barboza, Karen Richman

Explains how the shift in workers’ retirement funding from defined benefit pensions to defined contribution plans places undue burden on participants’ financial literacy. Latinos’ low financial literacy contributes to lower participation rates and “off-brand” uses of defined contribution savings plans.  Recommends policies to bolster Latinos’ financial literacy and retirement security.  Based on Survey of Income Program Participants (SIPP) and Health and Retirement Survey (HRS).

Full Article (.pdf)

Causes of Latinos' Low Pension Coverage

Author: Teresa Ghilarducci, Karen Richman and Wei Sun

This study advances the current literature on Latinos? pension participation by separating voluntary exclusion from the involuntary exclusion. Logistic regression analysis of the 2001 Survey of Income Program Participants (SIPP) reveals that immigrant status and country of origin explain why Latinos would voluntarily opt out of participating in their employer?s pension plan. Policy reforms that would bolster Latino retirement income security include encouraging plan coverage of part-time and seasonal workers, offering refundable tax credits to low-income workers, requiring automatic enrollment, and enfranchising Latinos into the US financial and Social Security systems.

Full Article (.pdf)

Emerging Markets and Financial Services in the Latino Community: Problems and Strategies

Author: D. Garth Taylor, Mari Gallagher, Francisco Menchaca, and Robin Newberger. Produced in partnership with the Metro Chicago Information Center (MCIC)

Study of the structural barriers to new Latino immigrants’ use of banks and the financial system, Covers innovative ways to provide documentation for loans through Mexican consular identification cards and individual taxpayer identification numbers, and remittances to Mexico. Uses Chicago-Area Latino Survey, Pew Hispanic and U.S. Census data.  Finds an increase in use of financial institutions within the first generation over time.

Full Article (.pdf)

The State of Latino Chicago: This Is Home Now

Author: Timothy Ready and Allert Brown-Gort

Examines contributions of Latinos to economic and civic life in Chicago. Finds Latino economic success increased dramatically between 1990 and 2003 through new business, job creation, and increasing homeownership. Based on data from Institute for Latino Studies’ Chicago-Area Survey, US Census Bureau and Illinois State Board of Education.

Full Article (.pdf)

A Roof Over Our Heads

Author: Eileen Diaz McConnell & Timothy Ready. Report commissioned from the Institute by Esperanza USA

Study of the state of Latino housing. Finds that Latinos have lower homeownership rates, lower housing values, spend higher proportions of their household income on housing costs, experience higher denial rates for mortgage loans, and are much more likely to live in crowded and inadequate housing than Whites. However, Latinos are also making gains in homeownership due to the massive increases in mortgages. Recommends policies to meet Latinos’ burgeoning needs for safe, affordable, and high quality shelter. Uses data from 2003 American Housing Survey, 2003, US Census 2000, the Housing Vacancy Survey/Current Population Survey, and the American Community Survey.

Full Article (.pdf)

No Place Like Home: The State of Hispanic Housing in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City, 2003

Author: Housing Monograph Companion Paper Eileen Diaz McConnell, PhD

Comparative analysis of Latino housing patterns in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City. Analyzes data from 2003 American Housing Survey and 2003 Home Mortgage Disclosure Act and 2005 Census.  Finds Latinos face low homeownership rates, higher loan denial rates in comparison to White counterparts, inadequate and overcrowded housing similar to African-Americans.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latinos' Low Pension Coverage and Disenfranchisement from the US Financial System

Author: Wei Sun and Teresa Ghilarducci

This study advances the current literature on Latinos? pension participation by separating voluntary exclusion from the involuntary exclusion. Logistic regression analysis of the 2001 Survey of Income Program Participants (SIPP) reveals that immigrant status and country of origin explain why Latinos would voluntarily opt out of participating in their employer?s pension plan. Policy reforms that would bolster Latino retirement income security include encouraging plan coverage of part-time and seasonal workers, offering refundable tax credits to low-income workers, requiring automatic enrollment, and enfranchising Latinos into the US financial and Social Security systems.

Full Article (.pdf)

A Shared Future: The Economic Engagement of Greater Chicago and Its Mexican Community

Author: Alejandro Silva, Chairman, Evans Food Group; Clare Muñana, President, Ancora Associates; and Vice President, Chicago Board of Education; Douglas Doetsch, Partner, Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw LLP

Report on integration of the Mexicans into Chicago’s economic, social, and political life. Details Chicago Council on Global Affairs' 2005 Task Force’s recommendations to private and public institutions to encourage Mexican immigrants’ greater economic engagement and to stimulate public discussion of the key challenges and opportunities involved.

Full Article (.pdf)

Confianza, Savings, and Retirement: A Study of Mexican Immigrants

Author: Karen Richman, Teresa Ghilarducci, Roger Knight, Erin Jelm, and Joelle Saad-Lesser

Interdisciplinary study integrating cultural anthropology and economics.  Analyzes results from 2009-2010 ethnographic research in the Chicago metropolitan area and statistical analyses of the Current Population Survey, the Chicago-Area Survey, and Immigration and Intergenerational Mobility in Metropolitan Los Angeles Survey. Key findings include immigrants’ collectivist investments in social networks substitute for retirement savings; their descendants invest less in collectivist networks but neither can they save enough for retirement. Provides recommendations for financial and public policy makers to help immigrants and low-wealth populations better prepare for a secure retirement.

Full Article (.pdf)

Regional Research

The State of Latino Chicago 2010: The New Equation

Author: Juan Carlos Guzman, Allert Brown-Gort, Andrew Deliyannides, Roger A. Knight

Follow up report on 2005 State of Latino Chicago. Analyzes valuable economic contributions of Chicago-area Latinos and disproves myth that Latinos negatively impact the economy. Also finds that Latinos contribute almost $1.2 billion more in tax revenues than they cost in the delivery of public services like education, healthcare, public safety, and other services. Analyzes data from 2009 U.S. Census and American Community Survey.

Full Article (.pdf)

Strength in Unity: Mapping Community Needs and Priorities in Proviso Township

Author: Sandra del Toro, Sylvia Puente, Berenice Alejo, Silvia Villa

A report on new Latino settlement in suburban Chicago towns of Melrose Park, Bellwood, Stone Park, Maywood, and Northlake sponsored the Community Alliance a volunteer coalition working on behalf of the growing Latino population.  Examines issues of poverty, language, and housing. Based on data from American Community Survey and Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latinos in Chicago: Reflections of an American Landscape

Author: Larry Bennett, John Koval, Costas Spirou, Jose Soltero, Sonia Soltero, Elizabeth Robbins, Peter Creticos, Samuel Rosenberg, Xóchitl Bada, Vanessa Guridy, Nawojka Lesinski, Amalia Pallares, Joanna Schmit, and Maria de los Angeles Torres

Edited volume of five studies by Chicago-area social scientists scholars on Latinos in the Chicago Metropolitan Area.  Chapters on Latinos and Neo-Regionalism, Latinos and Education, Latino Engagement and Mobility in the Labor Force and Economy, and Latino Civic and Political Engagement.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latino Immigrant Civic Engagement in the Chicago Region

Author: Magda Banda and Martha Zurita

Research on Latino civic participation and role of immigrant community-based organizations in promoting civic engagement in Chicago.  Based on data from the Institute’s 2003 Chicago-Area Survey of 1500 households and U.S. Census.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latinos in Indiana

Author: Juan Carlos Guzmán, Andrew Deliyannides, Josefa Palacios

Study of demographic trends of Latinos in Indiana including place of origin, age, education, and fertility rates. Findings include Latinos are concentrated in urban areas, of lower socioeconomic status and have lower educational attainment in comparison to Blacks and Whites.  Uses data from Indiana state Census, 2005-2006 American Community Surveys, and World Health Organization.

Full Article (.pdf)

Guía de Servicios para la Comunidad

Author:

Students from Anthropology 462, a community based learning course taught at Notre Dame compiled a resource booklet that lists social services available to Mexican immigrants in the Michiana area.

Full Article (.pdf)

Latino Demographic Growth in Metropolitan Chicago

Author: Rob Paral, Timothy Ready, Sung Chun, Wei Sun

Analyzes 2000 U.S. census data to report on demographic shifts in Metropolitan Chicago since 1990.  Findings include Latino population increased by 568,000 to 1.4 million; 2/3 of Latino population growth took place in suburbs; 17.4% of the local population is Latino; Latino population growth kept the population of the city from decreasing; and people of Mexican origin comprise 75 percent of the entire area’s Latino population. 

Full Article (.pdf)

Religion

The Politics of the Latino Church

Author: Jessica Hamar Martínez, Edwin I. Hernández Rebecca Burwell, Milagros Peña and David Sikkink

Report on social and political views and behaviors of leaders and congregants in Latino churches in Chicago. Key findings include commonalities in congregation leaders’ views on abortion and immigration, congregants’ tendencies to hold similar opinions, high political participation rates, and stronger ideological affiliation with Democratic Party.  Utilizes 2004-2007 Chicago Latino Congregations Study.

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The Chicago Latino Congregations Study (CLCS): Methodological Considerations

Author: Rebecca Burwell, Edwin I. Hernández , Milagros Peña, Jeffrey Smith, and David Sikkink

Describes methodology for Chicago Latino Congregations Study, a multi-level study of Latino congregations in the Chicago area. Data collection in 2007 included surveys, focus groups and interviews of clergy, lay leaders, and adult and youth congregants. Provides an in-depth look at Latino congregations, leaders and members, connections to other community organizations, congregational life, social services, faith-based networks, and role of Latino church leadership.

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What Can Seminaries Do to Prepare Their Students for Ministry in the Latino Community?

Author: Edwin I Hernández, Milagros Peña, Caroline Sotello Viernes Turner, Jeffrey Smith, Kari Jo Verhulst

As custodians of the next generation of pastors and lay religious leaders, seminaries and graduate schools of theology must constantly adapt their programming to keep up with the changing needs of the churches and communities their students will go on to serve. The ongoing growth of the Hispanic population in both Catholic and Protestant congregations has spurred such institutions to evaluate their curricula and general academic cultures to identify how to best prepare ministers for service to and with Latinos/as. This final report in this series investigating the experiences of Latino/a seminarians explores which institutional practices and programs help ensure that these future ministers are prepared to be effective leaders in the church.

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Latino/a Seminarians? Evaluations of Their Institutions? Quality and Commitment

Author: Edwin I. Hernández, Milagros Peña, Caroline Viernes Sotello Turner, Jeffrey Smith, Kari Jo Verhulst

Nation-wide investigation of Latino/a seminarians to assess the effects of social, cultural, and academic factors on their seminary experiences. Finds positive views of institutional diversity but negative views on integration of Latino/a and minority perspectives in academic environments.

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Finding the Right Seminary: Influences on Institutional Choice, Expectations, and Satisfaction among Latino/a Seminarians

Author: Edwin I. Hernández, Milagros Peña, Caroline Viernes Sotello Turner, Jeffrey Smith, Kari Jo Verhulst

This fourth report in a series of Latino Research@ND reports on Latinos/as and theological education identifies the key factors that influence Latino/a seminarians? choice of educational institution and examines whether these students? institutional expectations are being met. We find that Latino/a seminarians share many of the same concerns as their white and especially African American counterparts for a theologically compatible, quality education without undue financial burden. Though they are generally satisfied with the institutions they choose to attend, there is a pronounced gap between the importance ascribed to finances in choosing one?s seminary and the adequacy of the financial aid one?s institution offers.

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Mapping Compassion on the Frontlines: a National Directory of Latino-Serving Faith-Based Organizations

Author: Prepared by the Center for the Study of Latino Religion, Institute for Latino Studies, University of Notre Dame

This directory lists Latino-serving faith-based organizations in 45 cities throughout the Easter, Southeastern, Midwest, and Western regions of the United States. Most entries include details about the religious and ethnic identity of each organization, the social services it provides, and whether it has certain organizational structures in place (e.g., annual budget, a board of directors, 501(c)(3) status).

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Faith and Values in Action: Religion, Politics, and Social Attitudes Among US Latinos/as

Author: Edwin I Hernández, Kenneth G. Davis, Milagros Peña, Georgian Schiopu, Jeffrey Smith, Matthew T. Loveland

Investigation of role of religion in civic engagement and political behavior among Latinos. Finds correlation between religious affiliation and church behavior and community involvement, political party identification, and positions on social and moral issues. Based on data from Pew Hispanic Center’s 2004 National Survey of Latinos.

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An Educational and Ministerial Profile of Latino/a Seminarians

Author: Edwin I. Hernández, Milagros Peña, Caroline Sotello Viernes Turner, Jeffrey Smith, Kari Jo Verhulst

This is the second of a series of Latino Research@ND reports focusing on Latinos/as and theological education. It analyzes what a quantitative survey of Latino/a theological students reveals about the educational and ministerial backgrounds of Latino/a seminarians. We find that Latinos/as arrive at seminary with considerable community and religious leadership experience. They also come from comparatively less formally educated families than their white non-Hispanic peers?a reality that might complicate their social and academic acclimation to graduate school. We conclude that seminaries need both to recognize the challenges that their Latino/a students face and to welcome the experiences and perspectives that they bring to the seminary community.

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Answering the Call: How Latino Churches Can Respond to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Author: Edwin I. Hernández, Rebecca Burwell, and Jeffrey Smith

The past two decades have seen a dramatic rise in HIV/AIDS infection rates in communities of color across the United States. Churches have been shown to play a deterrent role on behaviors that put one at risk for HIV infection. Other studies have found that churches play an important role in social service provision in urban neighborhoods, and that they are often the only institutions that undocumented immigrants can access for help. Using an intensive study of Latino congregations in Chicago, the report examines what Latino churches are currently doing to respond to the epidemic, and what congregational and leadership characteristics appear to contribute to such efforts.

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A Demographic Profile of Latino/a Seminarians

Author: Edwin I. Hernández, Milagros Peña, Caroline Sotello Viernes Turner, Jeffrey Smith, Kari Jo Verhulst

This is the first of a series of Latino Research@ND reports focusing on Latinos/as and theological education. While the rapid growth of the Latino population in the United States has led to a concomitant rise in the Latino presence in both Catholic and Protestant congregations, Latinos/as remain underrepresented among the religious leadership of most Christian denominations. Cultivating a well-trained cadre of Latino/a religious leaders is critical for the vitality of the US Latino community. The experiences of Latino/a seminarians highlighted in this report provide an important window into the future of Latino religious leadership.

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Equipped To Serve: Latino/a Seminarians and the Future of Religious Leadership in the Latino/a Community

Author: Milagros Peña, Edwin I. Hernández, Caroline Sotelo-Turner, Danielle Dirks, Kari Jo Verhulst

Describes the next generation of Latino/a religious leaders and examines the effectiveness of their theological education. Identifies critical institutional and curricular characteristics for preparing seminarians to be leaders responding to spiritual and material needs of Latinos/as in U.S.  Based upon data from focus groups and surveys conducted in 2002-2004.

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Latino Congregations and Social Service: The Philadelphia Story

Author: Ram A. Cnaan, Edwin I. Hernández, Charlene C. McGrew

Recent attention to the role of religion in American public life has highlighted the important role that religious institutions play in generating social capital and volunteering and in helping people develop skills that are critical for effective citizenship. This report presents the findings of an investigation of the organizational behavior and social involvement of Latino congregations in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and identifies the demographic and social characteristics that shape their social and civic engagement.

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Anti-Castro Political Ideology among Cuban Americans in the Miami Area: Cohort and Generational Differences

Author: Sung Chun and Guillermo J. Grenier

Even though the Florida Cuban American community varies according to generation and the ?wave? of immigration that brought immigrants to the United States, social scientists and the public tend to take the community?s monolithic political profile for granted and assume that it remains unchanged over time. Yet careful analysis of recent data reveals that while most Cuban Americans in South Florida are anti-Castro, the level of their fervor varies greatly among generational and wave cohorts.

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Hispanic Clergy and the Task of Ministry in Urban America

Author: Edwin Hernández, Milagros Peña and Melissa Mauldin

This report seeks to examine the complex role that Latino/a ministers play and the myriad ways they mobilize resources on behalf of their communities. By exploring the experiences, insights, and struggles of Latino/a ministers, we hope to help deepen the understanding of how US Hispanics are faring and to illuminate some of the resources and support that are needed to help strengthen these leaders? efforts to meet the spiritual and social needs of their communities.

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Religion Matters: Predicting Schooling Success in Latino Youth

Author: David Sikkink and Edwin Hernández

Research on role of religion in academic success and failure of Latino youth. Particular focus on impoverished inner-city schools. Analyzes 1996 data from National Household Education Survey, National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and 1999 data from Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.

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Hispanic Churches in American Public Life: Summary of Findings

Author: Gastón Espinosa, Virgilio Elizondo, Jesse Miranda

This publication presents a summary of the findings of the Hispanic Churches in American Public Life (HCAPL) research project. The HCAPL project was a three-year study, funded by a grant from The Pew Charitable Trusts, that sought to examine the impact of religion on political and civic engagement in the Latino community.

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Compassion on the Frontlines: an Assessment of Latino-Serving Faith-Based Organizations

Author: Guillermo Grenier, Rebecca Burwell, Edwin I Hernández, Michael Mata, Milagros Peña, Marciana Popescu, Aida Ramos, Jeffrey Smith

Results of a survey of faith-based organizations serving Latinos/as in four metro areas, which provide education, job training, advocacy, immigration, help, services for family, youth and children and healthcare. Documents concrete impacts capacity-training projects have on the organizational development and infrastructure of community-serving organizations.

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